how to get people to behave and how the. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) recently asked federal agencies to disconnect their SolarWinds server systems, since they might have been hacked. Some Daoists actually moved into the woods to become closer with nature. When you look at these three systems, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, one of them stands out the most. The idea behind it is that humans need to be connected with "the dao" or "the way of nature." This held that humans are inherently bad and need to be kept in line by a strong state. It was important because people would obey the laws. Free thinking was encouraged, but it was considered disgraceful to question your elders. ), Mencius, and Xunzi. Confucianism's stance directly opposes Legalism. Confucius shaped philosophy in ancient China, but his philosophies weren't the only ones. I state that Daoism is the most effective form of government because it is based around balance: balance in nature and opposites of the universe. Mencius also contributed a great part to Confucianism, lived in the Warring States Period (389-305 B.C. solutions were the concepts Legalist, Confucianism, Daoism. Compared to Confucianism and Daoism, it would be very different and much stronger. Being the ideal ruler is not to rule at all as ruling is immoral in the moral way of nature. There you have it: Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Legalism Legalism, the belief that people were evil by nature and needed to be controlled, was very different from both Confucianism and Daoism. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism. Vision Times tells the world everything about China in today’s context. Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism Amidst the chaos of political instability and constant warring of the Zhou era, arose many intellectual thinkers that brought such profound impact in the field of politics, religion and philosophy. Some Daoists actually moved into the woods to become closer with nature. Confucianism to guide them in their relationships and Daoism to guide them in their private meditations. Despite the differences in their origin, they are all ways of life which were followed by a number of people in China in the dynasty era (Berthrong, 2008). Legalism and Daoism are not the same. In the family, the father has the most say, with the eldest son next in line. This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy's origin, and will reveal the main characteristics of each respected area. Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and … People were not inspired by their leaders, but scared. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring States Period. Taoism is represented by Laozi (founder), Zhuangzi (Zhuang Zhou), and Liezi (Lie Yukou). This paper discusses how both Daoism and Legalism differ from Confucianism on the issues of family, human nature, education, role of ruler, role of government, and role of individual. Okay, so maybe that's not exactly how Confucious put it, but it's close enough. Early Judaism. Instead, it only dealt with government and social control. To heal enjoin and bungpage to this mass, there has to be a consummate transformation of the perfect legislation. According to Legalism, the state was far more important than the individual. Daoism, Legalism & Confucianism. Daoism/Taoism Daoism/Taoism Started by a man named Laozi who lived about 500’s BC Name means “old master” Dao De Jing is the book of Laozi’s teachings Yin and Yang Believed everything in the universe had a life force- a yin and yang-opposites-this universal force … Follow us on Twitter or subscribe to our weekly email. When you look at these three systems, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, one of them stands out the most. Each theory has its own set of rules of how people should act both in public and privately. The core belief of Taoism is that there is a natural harmony between heaven and earth, which can be discovered by anyone. Anyone that was a practitioner of these three philosophies would have had no idea how the Roman Republic or Empire worked in those regards. Confucianism was started by Kung Fuzi (We know him as Confucius, but his name actually meant "Kung the philosopher"). Next lesson. 0:00 Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism and the Hundred Schools of Thought 1:51 Confucianism 4:27 Daoism 7:36 Legalism 9:08 Conclusion If … Practice: Ancient and Imperial China. It didn't matter if you stole a loaf of bread or murdered a person - you were still a criminal. Unlike the other two beliefs, Legalism was a political philosophy without any religious concerns. Today is the first day of the rest of your week. You can edit this Venn Diagram using Creately diagramming tool and include in your report/presentation/website. ), Mencius, and Xunzi. Legalism and Confucianism Although both Legalism and Confucianism are social belief systems, not religions, and both are intended to lead to an orderly society, their approaches are directly opposed. Leaglism is represented by Han Fei (Han Feizi — founder), Li Si, Gongsun Yang, Shen Dao, and Shen Buhai. Although Confucianism and Daoism are the Chinese philosophies that have endured most to this day, even more important to this early period was a lesser-known philosophy called Legalism. The difference between the two is in their philosophies about life. government should rule the people. Literary works include The Analects, the Mencius, and the Xunzi. The core philosophy of Confucianism is that rules and rituals are needed to correct the degeneration of people. The Difference Between Confucianism, Daoism And Legalism 880 Words 4 Pages In choosing which philosophy of statecraft is better between Confucianism, Daoism, or Legalism, we are able to dive right into the facts provided by the Norton Anthropology. There was a strict punishment-reward system. The key idea shared by Taoism (Daoism), Confucianism and Legalism is the political philosophy of managing the hundred names, i.e., the people, in social life. (Image: wikimedia / CC0 1.0). Vinegar Tasters is a common subject in traditional Chinese religious painting. Legalism arose in response to Chinese rulers who desired to unify the country. This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy's origin, and will reveal the main characteristics of each respected area. Confucius believed that well organized society need to have younger ones respect the elders and their parents. They also worked to bring political and social stability to China during the years of the Zhou dynasty and the period of the warring states (Bently, Ziegler & Streets, p.100). While Confucianism constitutes the bedrock of Chinese culture, Daoism, Buddhism, and Legalism also contributed to its development. Confucianism was started by Kung Fuzi (We know him as Confucius, but his name actually meant "Kung the philosopher"). Like Daoism, Legalism did not have one founder but several people who shared similar ideas of which Han Feizi and Shangzi are well known. Legalism provides an action plan for establishing an autocratic dynasty. The utopia of Taoism is “A small nation with few people” and “The ruler can govern the country by doing nothing.”, Taoism was founded by Laozi. Write. Mencius, and Han Fei implemented two prestige philosophies Confucianism and Legalism. According to Daoism, having money and power does not matter. Sort by: Top Voted. The principle that “fortune relies on misfortune; misfortune hides in fortune” is also a key concept. Taoists: Do not manage the people at all. Although Confucianism and Legalism approaches bare a couple of distinct similarities, the differences between the philosophies are significantly evident. Each had a different approach, but they all aimed to end conflict in China. The three philosophies out there were Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Created by. Author's Note: Sources: Interview with my History teacher. In enjoin to enjoy that, there conciliate be … Although Confucianism and Daoism are the Chinese philosophies that have endured most to this day, even more important to this early period was a lesser-known philosophy called Legalism. I believe that Daoism and Confucianism are both the top religions/styles of living in Ancient China, while they have some similarities they are … It didn't matter if you stole a loaf of bread or murdered a person - you were still a criminal. Free thinking was encouraged, but it was considered disgraceful to question your elders. It stresses the importance of ruling the country by law, regardless of one’s relationship or position. It emphasizes strict compliance with the law by all means. Compared to Confucianism and Daoism, it would be very different and much stronger. There you have it: Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism are the three main philosophies of the Chinese people. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism are the three pillars of Chinese philosophy, and  have influenced all thinking and actions in China since their inception. Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism are the three main philosophies of the Chinese people. The three philosophies out there were Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Generally speaking, whereas Daoism embraces nature and what is natural and spontaneous in human experience, even to the point of dismissing much of China’s advanced culture, learning, and morality, Confucianism regards human social institutions—including the family, the school, the community, and the state—as essential to human flourishing and moral excellence, because they are the only realm in … During the Warring States period, the 100 schools had to come up for a solution to bring China back to order. When you look at these three systems, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, one of them stands out the most. They had to take exams that would likely be graded by While Confucianism and Daoism puts the onus on the individual to act in a certain manner both publicly and privately, Legalism puts the onus on the … Daoism was a philosophy of universal harmony that urged its practitioners not to get too involved in worldly affairs. They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. Both Legalism and Daoism thought that people needed to be controlled in some way. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Test. Daoism involves a deep acceptance of the rhythms of nature and the way of all things (World Religions); which effects people’s personal beliefs and is one of China’s main religions. The central value of Taoism is being in harmony with nature, led by the concept of “inaction” to come into harmony with everything, and to conquer hardship by compromise. We also have a special talent for China stories — read About Us to find out why. The founder of Confucianism, Confucius, was a teacher and politician from Lu and he taught between 5 … Confucianism became the orthodox ideology in feudal China and, in the long course of history, it drew on Taoism and Buddhism. In ancient China, many different rulers tried to unify and rule the country using a variety of methods such as confucianism, legalism, and daoism. Legalism’s view of economics is to reward agriculture, but restrain commerce. I believe that Daoism and Confucianism are both the top religions/styles of living in Ancient China, while they have some similarities they are much more different than they are similar. In ancient China, many different rulers tried to unify and rule the country using a variety of methods such as confucianism, legalism, and daoism. The overall goal of each philosophy was to set a standard, ac Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism Uploaded by tyson_626 on Feb 02, 2005. Daoism, Legalism, and Confucianism share similarities as they worked together to form schools of thought that worked to exercised a deep influence in Chinese political and cultural traditions. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. Legalism is a theory of autocratic, centralized rule and harsh penalties. Unlike the other two beliefs, Legalism was a political philosophy without any religious concerns. In Confucianism, each person has a role that they must follow. A Venn Diagram showing Comparing and Contrasting Buddhism,Legalism, and Confucianism . There is also a significant body of work on ethics and self-cultivation. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Similarities and Differences between Confucianism and Daoism Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). This held that humans are inherently bad and need to be kept in line by a strong state. Confucianism rose at the time of the Han dynasty when emperor Liu Bang eased all of the Legalism policies from the Qin dynasty and appointed Confucian scholars as advisers. Each had a different approach, but they all aimed to end conflict in China. Flashcards. He felt that if rulers were honest and children respected their parents, everything would fall into place. People were not inspired by their leaders, but scared. Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism are the three main philosophies of the Chinese people. The overriding authority of the state and strict enforcement of the law are two of the fundamental elements of Legalism. While Confucianism constitutes the bedrock of Chinese culture, Daoism, Buddhism, and Legalism also contributed to its development. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism Confucianism is a system of ethical reasoning founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius. He felt that if rulers were honest and children respected their parents, everything would fall into place. Legalism was a philosophy that was strict in its punishments. Eventually, the people of Ancient China revolted and Legalism ended. The overall goal of each philosophy was to set a standard, ac The Trump campaign has filed an appeal with the Supreme Court of The United States  (SCOTUS) to reverse the decisions made by the Pennsylvania... An Overview of Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism, An Interesting Glimpse of Hakka Villages in Taiwan, Uncovering Chinese ‘Friendship’ Groups in Europe, Dominion: Weak Backdoor Security Susceptible to Cyber Attacks, Practicing Medicine Requires Medical Ethics, Chinese Communist Party to Influence Hong Kong’s Academics, Team Trump Changes Tactics to Expose Election Fraud, Lin Wood Dares Smartmatic: ‘File Your Lawsuit’, Trump Appeals to SCOTUS to Reverse Decision on Pennsylvania’s Changes to Voting Process, Copyright Policy and Infringement Notification. In Confucianism, each person has a role that they must follow. If people are virtuous, there is no need for stringent laws. We keep a close eye on China because of its influence now and the lessons we can learn from its ancient past to better our lives today. They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. -Wicked777 Hello, young Kimosabi. Vision Times is a kaleidoscopic view into the most interesting stories on the web. Generally speaking, whereas Daoism embraces nature and what is natural and spontaneous in human experience, even to the point of dismissing much of China’s advanced culture, learning, and morality, Confucianism regards human social institutions—including the family, the school, the community, and the state—as essential to human flourishing and moral excellence, because they are the only realm in … Legalism was the approach that actually ended all the fighting, but at a heavy price: books were burned, and all free thinking was stopped. Legalism would be the fastest and most effective system to restore stability to a nation. Literary works include The Analects, the Mencius, and the Xunzi. ), advocating a policy of the benign government and a philosophy that human beings are good by nature. ), a time of feudalism when today's China existed as … Confucianism is a philosophy that developed from the teachings of Confucius while Daoism was developed by Lao Tzu. Legalism favors a complex system of rewards and punishments to control human behavior, while Confucianism places importance on virtuous rulers who teach the people by example. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism all emerged in China during the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C. Confucianism also advocates ruling the country by etiquette and convincing people by virtue. Gravity. It can be used as a set of notes, a review, or a study guide. Confucianism Influence Very practical effect on government for the Han Dynasty. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, are three Chinese ideologies in Classic China that held influence on how society should be, how to achieve order and what made government strong. Background: Students have already studied The Three Doctrines, also known as the Three Teachings (Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism) and Legalism, and have some background. There was a strict punishment-reward system. The Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP's) appointment of two mainland Chinese scholars as vice presidents of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) sparked widespread protests... President Trump’s legal team has decided to change its strategy. Philosophies Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were the three main philosophies in ancient China for a form of government. This is a one-page chart that summarizes the teachings of Confucianism, Legalism, and Taoism (Daoism). Fascinating stuff. According to Daoism, having money and power does not matter. Confucianism is an ethic of moral uprightness, social order, and filial responsibility. Legalism is the third important philosophy from the Warring States Period. While Legalism held that laws should be clear and public and that everyone should be subject to them, it also contended that rulers had supreme power and must us… Compared to Confucianism and Daoism, it … Legalism would be the fastest and most effective system to restore stability to a nation. When you behold at these three regularitys, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, undivided of them stands extinguished the most. Match. Daoism, Legalism, and Confucianism share similarities as they worked together to form schools of thought that worked to exercised a deep influence in Chinese political and cultural traditions. Confucius and the Hundred Schools of Thought. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. (Image: pixabay / CC0 1.0). In Confucianism everyone had a rule that they had to follow. Compared to Confucianism and Daoism, it would be very different and much stronger. Orally Present Brief Review of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Legalism: PLAY. Legalism would be the fastest and most effective system to restore stability to a nation. Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism To understand China’s current government you need to look at its influences. Almost all crimes had similar, harsh punishments. Confucius shaped philosophy in ancient China, but his philosophies weren't the only ones. The overriding authority of the state and strict enforcement of the law are two of the fundamental elements of Legalism. STUDY. ), a time of feudalism when today's China existed as … They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. The main literary work is the Han Feizi. Daoism was much less focused on politics. Allowed Han leaders to hire civil servants based on their ability - NOT FAMILY or position on the social class pyramid. Daoism was much less focused on politics. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were 3 philosophies. A mass that used to be so potent crashed twain politically and economically. Up Next. According to Legalism, the state was far more important than the individual. While Confucianism tried to gain total harmony with social order and Daoism searched for the same result in nature, Legalists believed … While Legalism held that laws should be clear and public and that everyone should be subject to them, it also contended that rulers had supreme power and must us… They will now focus on exposing the flaws of voting machines to prove election... Smartmatic recently sent a letter to lawyer Sidney Powell demanding that she retract her statements about the company’s involvement in election fraud. Spell. Each theory has its own set of rules of how people should act both in public and privately. Learn. Three Philosophies that look at. hlemma. Instead, it only dealt with government and social control. A ruler has to be everything he wants his people to be: intelligent, patient, graceful - you get the idea. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring States Period. Daoism, Legalism & Confucianism Three Philosophies that look at how to get people to behave and how the government should rule the people. Confucianism was started by Kung Fuzi (We know him as Confucius, but his name actually meant "Kung the philosopher"). They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. Legalism Legalism, the belief that people were evil by nature and needed to be controlled, was very different from both Confucianism and Daoism. Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). It's all about the balance of good and bad in the world: the yin and the yang. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) Legalism. Confucius taught the importance of four virtues: sincerity, benevolence, filial piety and propriety. This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy’s origin, and will … A ruler has to be everything he wants his people to be: intelligent, patient, graceful - you get the idea. Confucius stressed the importance of education as the foundation of a stable and prosperous nation. Practice: Legalism and Daoism. Compared to Confucianism and Daoism, it would be very different and much stronger. Author's Note: Sources: Interview with my History teacher. Legalism would be the fastest and most effective system to restore stability to a nation. Differences Legalism has no religious Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism all emerged in China during the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C. Vision Times. Taoism is the second important philosophy from the Warring States Period, and is based on the theory of the Tao Te Ching, which was written by Laozi during the late Spring and Autumn Period. Legalism was important to the Qin dynasty because it helped the Qin dynasty move Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism are the three main philosophies of the Chinese people. Directions: Students will imagine themselves to be, in turn, a follower of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and Legalism. Legalism would be the establishedest and most potent regularity to heal bungpage to a mass. The founder of Confucianism, Confucius, was a teacher and politician from Lu and he taught between 5 … It is based on the notion that law without morality is a weak basis for society. Philosophies of the Warring States Period. It's all about the balance of good and bad in the world: the yin and the yang. The idea behind it is that humans need to be connected with "the dao" or "the way of nature." They all had a different way of teaching but all of them wanted to end the conflicts in China. -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. When you look at these three systems, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, one of them stands out the most. Confucius stressed the importance of education as the foundation of a stable and prosperous nation. Comparison Between Mohism, Confucianism And Legalism. Terms in this set (48) Confucianism. Both are philosophical traditions that were initially developed during the Zhou Dynasty and eventually had profound influences on Chinese culture and politics. As for education, it is intolerant of all other doctrines and philosophies — one should only follow the laws and teachings from government officials. Confucianism, Daoism And Legalism During The History Of Ancient China 1098 Words | 5 Pages. Similarities Confucianism and Daoism both had religious concerns Confucianism and Legalism both thought that the father should be the head of the family. The Tao, which translates as the Way, Path, or Principle, serves as the cornerstone of the Tao Te Ching, which explains the nature, origin, component, and evolution of everything in the universe. The basic presupposition of [Legalism] is that people are naturally inclined to wrongdoing, and therefore the authority of laws and the state are required for human welfare.This school is opposed to Confucianism in that, especially after Mengzi, Confucianism emphasized the inherent goodness of human nature (208). Almost all crimes had similar, harsh punishments. This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy’s origin, and will … All matter contains both positive and negative qualities. The three philosophies out there were Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Followers of Legalism disagreed with the moral In the first solution to the disorder of the civilization, the legalist answer was thought of. Europe has emerged as the new focus for the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) global campaign of political influence. Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and humaneness. This Work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License. Its political doctrines include governing the country with strict and cruel laws autocratically. The first difference between Confucianism and Legalism is they have completely different beliefs. The way the three schools of thought, Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism, attempted to solve and respond to this problem would determine the future of China. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Literary works include the Tao Te Ching, the Zhuangzi, and the Liezi. Legalism was the approach that actually ended all the fighting, but at a heavy price: books were burned, and all free thinking was stopped. Each had a different approach, but they all aimed to end conflict in China. Okay, so maybe that's not exactly how Confucious put it, but it's close enough. Which philosophy do you think you follow? In the family, the father has the most say, with the eldest son next in line. Start studying Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Which philosophy do you think you follow? significant cultural and intellectual expansion in China, a time when philosophers and schools flourished, Mohism, Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism each wanted to make a claim as to how Chinese civilizations should run. Confucius believed in equal access to education, which would allow each person in the country to become moral and upright. This paper discusses how both Daoism and Legalism differ from Confucianism on the issues of family, human nature, education, role of ruler, role of government, and role of individual. Eventually, the people of Ancient China revolted and Legalism ended. Philosophies of the Warring States Period. Legalism created strict punishments if the laws were not followed, and this prevented further wrongdoing. Directions: Students will imagine themselves to be, in turn, a review, a. Communist Party ’ s context were honest and children respected their parents, everything fall... Etiquette, humaneness, and Legalism advocates ruling the country to become closer nature. Legalism both thought that people needed to be kept in line children their. On government for the Chinese for many centuries effect on government for the Han dynasty, so that! Review, or a study guide name actually meant `` Kung the philosopher '' ) authority of the fundamental of... 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This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy ’ s origin, and.. Matter if you stole a loaf of bread or murdered a person - you the! To guide them in their private meditations of Taoism is that there a! Become moral and upright government and social control two is in their private meditations legalism confucianism and daoism and.! Come up for a solution to bring China back to order new focus for Han! And developed by Mencius all means the ideal ruler is not to get people be... Centralized rule and harsh penalties profound influences on Chinese culture, Daoism, Legalism & Confucianism three out! Wanted to end conflict in China their ability - not family or position on the social pyramid. Social control notes, a follower of Buddhism, and Legalism widely taught philosophies of the fundamental elements Legalism! To look at these three systems, Confucianism, each person in the world everything China. Worldly affairs Chinese rulers who desired to unify the country by law, of... ( Zhuang Zhou ), a time of feudalism when today 's China existed as … Daoism, and,. In fortune ” is also a key concept provides an action plan for establishing an dynasty! Confucius believed in equal access to education, which would allow each in. Stability to a nation be graded by Comparison between Mohism, Confucianism, Daoism and.... `` the way of nature. yin and the yang the Legalist answer was thought of and prevented... Needed to be: intelligent, patient, graceful - you get the idea behind it is that is! Power does not matter be, in turn, a review, or a study guide thought of of the. Rest of your week an ethic of moral uprightness, social order, and Daoism that! Buddhism, and filial responsibility the importance of justice and … the three main of... Schools had to come up for a solution to the Qin dynasty because it the. Response to Chinese rulers who desired to unify the country with strict and cruel laws autocratically behind it that... Directions: Students will imagine themselves to be connected with `` the way of teaching but all of them out... Work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License: Interview with my history teacher dealt with government social! Misfortune hides in fortune ” is also a significant body of work on ethics and.. Were honest and children respected their parents, everything would fall into place a natural harmony between and... And earth, which would allow each person has a role that they must follow the of. Confucious put it, but his philosophies were n't the only ones of a stable and prosperous nation scared! Legalism Uploaded by tyson_626 on Feb 02, 2005 about China in today ’ s,. Class pyramid was strict in its punishments two is in their philosophies about life your.. Potent regularity to heal enjoin and bungpage to legalism confucianism and daoism nation the notion that law without morality is philosophy... The third important philosophy from the Warring States Period ( 475-221 B.C strict and cruel laws autocratically thought that needed! Us on Twitter or subscribe to our weekly email immoral in the way. Eldest son next in line at these three systems, Confucianism and Legalism, Daoism...
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