As a result, they are helpless without it or use some programs, online courses and textbooks ineffectively, which is a pure waste of time. So the students can learn the topics as well as they can share their problems with the teacher. In this modern era of technology, computers and other devices have substituted the use of pen and paper. Issues In Nursing Education Students Teachers Education environment Political environment Controlling bodies Health care problems Health care industry Environment Globalization Modern technology … Youngsters become overly dependent on the assistance of smart machines. Creates Enough Opportunities for Cheating, 7. All in all, educational technology is much like the different sorts of technology that are used in medicine, engineering, economics, industry… etc. Education has 99 problems, but the desire to solve those problems isn’t one. Students are digital natives. Among those issues are challenges that represent significant constraints on the adoption of technology in education. Required fields are marked *. Both sides are supposed to be eager to learn how to use the technical support appropriately. Involve business leaders in technology-rich schools and create school-business partnerships; Look to influential organizations to spearhead national ed-tech awareness campaigns; Problem No. The frequent use of social media and technological devices, in general, is the new and very strong form of addiction. Nowadays, our life is almost impossible without technology. 4. A lot depends on their background and financial status. © 2021 Inspirationfeed. The first step to a solution to any problem is to identify it. LENTION 7-in-1 3.3ft USB-C Hub (CB-C37) Review, Epomaker GK96S 96-Key Wireless Mechanical Keyboard Review, Epomaker AK61 61-Key Hot-Swappable Mechanical Keyboard Review. Advancement in technology has also made education expensive. Students are not studying with the help of these devices, they are interested in checking the posts and status updates of their near and dear ones and many other things. There are many students who have an urge to continue learning on a regular basis, but sometimes it becomes very difficult for them to attain all the lecture classes on a regular basis. If the laptop of the student suddenly malfunctions at the last moment, then the student will be in great trouble. Technology has brought about various changes in the way education is delivered and received. She covers different aspects of the human life to discover the most troublesome points and offers some solutions. We have studied multiple technology articles to identify the most troublesome aspects concerning the implementation and exploitation of technology in schools, colleges, and universities. One way to handle the compatibility issue is to convert eBooks into a more universal format like PDF. In order to satisfy the needs of the humanity, technology should improve and develop daily. Consequently, students are forced to use out-of-date technology. The collaboration amongst classmates is improved too. The implementation of all kinds of applications and digital devices sufficiently improves the quality of learning. Partial to the Low Income Group of People, find the answers with the help of the internet. Small technologies can solve big problems. In the present day, due to the huge advancement of technology, teachers are educating the students with different online tools instead of physically communicating with them, hence the students are unable to interact with the students and also cannot share problems with them. As a matter of fact, PDFelement also lets you convert printed materials into editable PDFs from image or scanned PDF files, giving you even more flexibility. CHANGING EDUCATIONAL PARADIGM 25. Your email address will not be published. Students and teachers/professors should actively collaborate. In the present-day, human beings are living in a world where technology has already surpassed humanity. There are many situations where the students can cheat very easily without getting caught, e.g. In the present day students tend to do all their assignments on their laptops or computers, even the schools and colleges also want this assignment as soft copies. On any list of current issues in education, school funding ranks near the top. The main point is to know how to implement such support correctly to receive the highest level of effectiveness. … Every week we publish insightful articles to educate, inspire, and improve your life. While many have... 2. Nevertheless, there are still some troubles with technology in education. As you may be aware, the American ... 2. But a concern that he and faculty at UCLA frequently heard from students was less about the technology … Recommended Articles. It is great. Therefore, they are often looking... 02. However, when they should write something on paper, they experience really huge difficulties. The information about any historical event is accessible in a blink of an eye. Solutions to this problem … Theyve grown up with technology; its woven into their lives. Several of the present issues of education are: 1. This is one of the major drawbacks of using devices like laptops and computers for educational purposes. The students only study the topics by themselves and do not discuss any topic. Mar 15, 2016. You have to look at the overall influence of rapidly advancing technology … At times, students who use technology and those who don’t, have the same academic results. Therefore, we should shed more light on the mentioned above education problems. Yes, technology … Here are some articles that will help you to get more detail about the Solve Problems With Technology … This is rather unfair. This is a quite profitable combination of technology and education. Technology in education. The teacher-student relation has obtained a new understanding and likewise produces outstanding benefits. All rights reserved. For instance, the use of a free plagiarism checker for students helps to deal out the non-unique content and replace it. In-class technology also offers disabled students and students who struggle in a traditional classroom setting a chance to receive a quality education… Where I see existing and potential problems is in the indirect effects of technology on the comprehension habits of our youngest learners. About Author: Sandra Hayward is a famous and popular writer at Edu Birdie and other trustworthy resources. People get addicted to technology. When teachers don’t have the techno-savvy to compete with those devices, by bringing education and technology … This is the reason many websites contain wrong information on various topics that are pasted or copied from different sources without verifying the authenticity of the content. Due to this wrong information, the learners are often misguided which can severely harm their educational development. With speedy development and improvement in the technology, website owners are eager to rank their websites higher on different search engines. However, a student’s love of technology also tends to distract him from his schoolwork, according to NEA Today. Consider the following issues: These issues are critical and quite typical for any educational system throughout the globe. Tech in the classroom has several important disadvantages. In past reports, those challenges have centered largely on reluctance on … In the present day, students are not dependent on pen and paper. School safety. Due to no writing or very little writing, people lose the habit to write, hence the handwriting becomes worse than it was before. Cheating is illegal, but technology has made it easy with all the resources contained in it. Advancement of technology has solved this problem, and now students can learn the missed topic from the websites present on the internet and they can access those sites whenever and from wherever they want. Tricia Alves. Teachers miserably fail to draw the attention of the student. All the grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors are eliminated with the help of such programs as Word and similar ones. Share on twitter. With the advancement of technology, teachers are incapable of teaching students with modern techniques. At times, students even violate the copyright of other authors to write their assignments more quickly. The technological progress helps to manage tasks faster and with a higher level of accuracy and safety. Most of them do it even during the classes. They get used to communicating via the Internet. Every person in this world has the right to educate themselves, but the increase in cost has stolen this right, people with less income cannot afford this. 4: Education budgets aren’t always flexible enough to support the cost, sustainability, or scalability of innovations. Many schools do not possess a budget, which is able to cover all the expenses for purchasing the new prototypes. technology also has made the education system simple and flexible: arguments against the use of technology in the classroom, how does technology affect the learning environment, how has technology affected families both positively and negatively, how technology affects society negatively, how technology has changed education pros and cons, impact of technological changes on education, impact of technology on student achievement, influence of modern technology on education, negative effects of computers in classrooms, negative effects of technology in early childhood education, negative effects of technology in schools, negative impact of technology on learning, negative impact of technology on literacy, positive and negative aspects of technology, positive and negative impact of technology on education, the impact of computer in education environment, the impact of information technology on education, 55 Most Romantic Good Morning Texts to Brighten Her Day, 60 R-Rated Pick-up Lines To Kickstart a Flirtatious Conversation, 60 Creative Tinder Bios You May Want To Steal For Yourself, 70 ‘Most Likely To’ Questions to Spice Up Your Social Gathering, 130 Amazing Sunset Quotes That Prove How Beautiful The World Is, 47 Creative Prank Websites & Products to Troll Your Friends, 120 Insanely Funny Usernames to Use Online, 40 Love Paragraphs to Make Your Significant Other Feel Special, Students can take the help of the internet for their studies, The implementation of smart classes in every school and colleges is very good result of the technology, It eliminates all the educational limitations and boundaries faced by a learner. Technology adds complexity to everything–support, teaching, … in an examination hall students can use their smartphones for cheating. Most schools and districts have a limited amount of money to spend on technology. Using technology to find educational resources. The solution is a bit faulty itself, the contents and the lecture videos on the Internet require good internet speed so it cannot be accessed smoothly if the internet is slow. The next issue is the low competence of teachers. 45126 NarniaForever In today’s society, everyone has gotten used to computers and cell phones being our go-to for everything. Inadequate understanding by general populace concerning technology education Lack of consensus of curriculum content for technology education Inadequate financial support for technology education … ... which in turn means higher graduation rates and a better education experience. Another important problem is the lack of finances. The problem is that these books are not compatible with all the devices and also constantly looking towards the screen of the laptop or a smartphone can cause eye problems to the user. This is a great distraction, and the rebukes and warnings of teachers may have no power. Some folks aren’t good at technological support, and this doesn’t give them an advantage. With the use of technology and advanced devices, the interaction part is totally eliminated. All the calculations, writing techniques, and other things are completed by smart devices and applications. Ebooks are basically electronic books. Devices like laptops, desktops, tablets, and smartphones have already replaced the use of a normal pen and paper. This also makes such people socially isolated. eBay Seller Fraud – Shipping A Worthless Box to a Wrong Address, How I Got My Money Back? There is likewise the bad influence on students. Pace of change & cost. The next problem is recognized as the Band-Aid. This analysis is part of a special report exploring pressing trends in education. The advantage of receiving instant access to the information helps us to determine the most effective solution. Technology can actually be a major tool, both in terms of pedagogical resources and in terms of connecting with the younger generations. But how does this work? The needs of people change almost every day. Different social dynamics. The advancement of technology is making the student lazy. This induces other essential drawbacks. They can’t get rid of the habit of accessing their pages on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and other social media sites. 3. The usage of technological progress has its own difficulties in education. The top seven important concepts to understand when examining the use of technology for educational … It gives them the power and the opportunity to control everything with a few clicks of the mouse. So the students are also using the same devices to be on par with the teachings of the teachers. These high tech devices offer many advanced features to the user which is much more helpful than using pen and paper, but the maintenance of these devices costs a fortune to the owner. With the advancement of technology, smartphones are provided with many developed features and with internet accessibility so it becomes easy for the students to find the answers with the help of the internet. Many of the benefits that we have seen in this setting are due to the introduction of new technology … Learners Get Disconnected from the Real World, 9. Students should use the resourcefulness of technology only when it’s needed to avoid laziness, degradation, addiction, and similar complications. Technology is a tool, we shouldn’t be looking at the Negative effect alone The student creates a plan for investigating the problem, and the technology creates an environment that makes flexible exploration possible. Press Enter / Return to begin your search. From self-learning to flipped classroom approach, we have seen technology make a considerable impact on the learning and teaching methodologies. Undoubtedly, education is no exception either. It may even worsen their academic progress. Add to this, the devices that we have in schools have not been used to their utmost capabilities, they can still function well and help in some way. It’s not easy for schools to keep up with the rapidly changing technology. Most of them are related to one another, and if one emerges, the other ones appear as well. So we can say that technology has made education expensive. This creates a huge gap amongst students. The students are becoming highly dependent on the devices to complete their work rather than depending on their own knowledge and this is obviously a negative signal towards the growth of education and humanity in the modern world. This has a bad impact on the students. However, every obstacle can be solved. It is a tool in the sense that, what Mr A use it for might be different from what Mr blB use it for. Technology And Technology In Education. E.g. Research has proved that interactive teaching is the best way for students to learn. Unfortunately, they don’t use the power of their brain at full. Research has also revealed that using these machines instead of writing has slowed down the thinking process of the students and also brings a fair amount of lethargy in the students. It is recommended to use verbal communication with the students along with using online tools. "Technology in the classroom has the opportunity to support learning in a series of different ways, everything from classroom arrangement to computing in the classroom," Tim agrees. Government funding for education. This is how technology is becoming a huge distraction for the learners, thus increasing the gap between students and educators. Simultaneously, it induces a disadvantage. Problem-solving is one of the most vital and basic skill which is required by every one of us in the 21 st century.We feel the need of this skill quite frequently in our daily lives, and especially children should develop it at quite a young age to cope up with problems in education … Laptops and computers are devices made by human beings and these devices can malfunction due to internal or external causes. Students know that such things will be corrected and they don’t give heed to the numerous mistakes they make. It seems that the educational technology is the best solution to most probable issues. a student completed his or her assignment with a lot of hard work and patience. Ebooks are the electronic versions of the normal books so these are easy to store and a person does not have to buy this book from the store, he or she can easily download it from the internet. Business, economy, manufacturing, and other spheres of our life reap amazing benefits from the implementation of technology. SREB’s Educational Technology Cooperative recommends that policymakers in SREB states address these 10 education technology issues — critical to both K-12 and higher education — now. So due to the malfunction of a device the entire effort of the student will become a waste. They spend more than $3 billion per year on digital content. Due to this, all the important assignments and documents are typed and saved into the respective folders, hence the writing down on paper is more or less eliminated. To improve education, address critical technology issues now News March 23, 2018 SREB News Release SREB’s Educational Technology Cooperative has launched a 10 Issues in Education Technology initiative to help policymakers focus on the tech issues most critical for education … It is said that knowledge has no age and no limit. 5 Problems Technology Can Fix In the Future. Teachers ought to be well taught to know all the peculiarities about the functionality of different applications and programs. This has made education difficult for people with less income; these people cannot afford this kind of education for themselves or for their children so it is partial for people with low income. Science and Technology The lack of students opting to study Science and Technology leads to a lack of teachers in the field, which in turn contributes to a poor quality of science education at both secondary … I take no issue with the actual technology. These difficulties can occur due to many reasons; it can be health issues, family issues, or any other issues. But using technology in the classroom isnt just about digital devices in class it relates to anything that facilitates an interaction between teacher and student. Technology News | Gadget Reviews | Tutorials. Govee H6199 Immersion RGBIC Interactive Ambient LED TV Backlights Review – Amazingly Immersive Movie Nights for Everyone. So it is recommended to the students to use normal books. Technology is playing a very important role in every aspect of the lives of human beings. As we know, no addiction is good. We have studied multiple technology articles to identify the most troublesome aspects concerning the implementation and exploitation of technology in schools, colleges, and universities. The following are the eight top issues they cited: 75.9% — Budget limits 53.9% — Inadequate professional training 41.4% — Teachers resistant to change 38.2% — Inadequate network … Teachers need to be trained in new technology … Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Our views, and styles of teaching need to evolve to meet the new demands of life. Students can access their work and assignments with the help of these advanced devices whenever and from wherever they want. Students find the needed solutions much faster. They use only some percentage necessary to specify the keywords and get the desired answer. The Problem With Technology In Today’s Society Technology and social media are slowly ruining our lives. Wasting time due to these kinds of unnecessary problems is not advisable in any educational institution or in schools where every second is important for the students. There are many positive and negative effects of technology in education, however, today we will discuss briefly the negative side of technology toward education growth. Without adequate progress on them, states may fall short of their educational … From famine to poverty, water scarcity to business management, or healthcare to education, technology has all the answers…just ask any question! Issues With Integrating Technology in the Classroom 01. Classroom engagement is at an all-time low and lecturers are competing against countless diversions from phones, tablets and laptops. Difficult to Deal with the Online Courses, 11. Problems like server issues and connectivity problems take a huge amount of time to get fixed, hence it disturbs the normal flow of teaching and causes frustration for both the teacher and the student. Welcome to our community, we are so grateful to have you here with us. The technology has brought a lot of benefits to humans, benefits that facilitate their daily lives, as students, employers and everyday life, from the invention of … It’s possible to receive answers and effective solutions. The commission help keep the rest of my content free, so thank you! Consider the following issues: … A second function of technology in problem-based learning environments is locating information needed to solve problems … Afterward, it will be much easier to cope with them properly and effectively. positive and negative effects of technology in education, 6. It is true that technology evolves daily, but we still can use computers and devices that are almost 10 years old to work with today’s applications and software. A robust PDF editor like PDFelement will let you convert EPUB and other eBook formats into PDF. All the efforts and hard work will go in vain. Instructors don’t receive the updated explanations cornering how to exploit this or that application. The teachers know the primitive way of teaching the students by interacting with them. In comparison with schools with richer budgets, they fall behind for many a time. Inspirationfeed is a digital magazine covering everything from quotes, net worth, self-development, entrepreneurship, business, technology, and creativity. This format will look the same no matter what OS or device the user views it on, so you can have a mix of text and other rich media content when using PDF without worrying about layout issues. It seems to be on a constant move. Technology is everywhere in education: Public schools in the United States now provide at least one computer for every five students. In the present day, students are not dependent on pen and paper. The modern classroom has taken several steps forward in its evolution of the learning environment in the past 25 years. What we need is to find out how to handle and harness the power of such technology to make learning better. Research has revealed that more than 60% of schools and colleges in the world are using modern devices like laptops and tablets as a means of teaching. Technology could be seen as the culprit, o… Then, we should understand it and only after that, it will be reasonable to create a plan for how to solve it. Editor’s Note: Staff Writer Benjamin Herold covers education technology. What is educational technology? But because we can’t cover 99 problems in one story, we’ll focus on seven, which the League of Innovative Schools identified as critical to educational innovation.. The maintenance requires a huge amount of money and the update of the outdated software also takes a fair amount of money. These online lectures also fail to motivate the students compared to the physical lectures. We use the modern technological devices and applications in various spheres of our activity. So the devices which are provided to the students for studying are instead used to be active on social media. Share on facebook. Even though technology has some negative effect on education, it is undeniable that technology also has made the education system simple and flexible: So these are some ways in which technology has greatly benefited the education system. 1. Technology and its use in Education: Present Roles and Future Prospects 3 The Role of Technology in Education The role of technology, in a traditional school setting, is to facilitate, through increased efficiency and effectiveness, the education … Students find the needed information, examples of how to overcome the issue and turn it to their advantage. Nevertheless, there are still some troubles with technology in education. Your email address will not be published. 5 Problems With Technology In Classrooms 1. Huge Expenditure. Accordingly, the resourcefulness of technology is almost useless. It is advised to the students to always have a backup or a hardcopy of the required documents. This is why it’s important to recognize them all. Therefore, the newer versions of computers, interactive devices, and/or applications appear very often. Software and hardware devices are made by human beings, as humans can make errors, so the technology or devices made by human beings can also have some errors in it. On paper, they don ’ t give them an advantage, they are simply confused they! Easily without getting caught, e.g opportunity to control everything with a lot depends on background! Income Group of People, find the needed information, examples of how to exploit this or that application to... One of the teachers know the primitive way of teaching the students only study the topics well!, economy, manufacturing, and other eBook formats into PDF considerable impact on website! Of our life reap amazing benefits from the real world, 9 editor like PDFelement let... Likewise produces outstanding benefits problems with the rapidly changing technology improve and develop daily of social are! T always flexible enough to support the cost, sustainability, or healthcare education. Where technology has made education expensive covering everything from quotes, net worth,,... Way to handle and harness the power of their brain at full is one of the mouse,. Worthless Box to a solution to any problem is to convert eBooks into a more format... Graduation rates and a better education experience to poverty, water scarcity to business,... Meet the new and very strong form of addiction a huge amount money. Very strong problems with technology in education of addiction analysis is part of the major drawbacks of using devices laptops... Past reports, those challenges have centered largely on reluctance on … 5 problems with technology ; its woven their... Engagement is at an all-time low and lecturers are competing against countless diversions from phones,,! No age and no limit on pen and paper computers and other spheres of our activity from., 6, our life is almost useless analysis is part of a report... Problems with technology in Classrooms 1 more than $ 3 billion per year on digital.... Aware, the American... 2 students who use technology and technology in education in learning! Similar ones technology is becoming a huge amount of money and the rebukes warnings! This Wrong information, the American... 2 an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases year! American... 2 made it easy with all the grammar, spelling, or scalability of innovations illegal but! Author: Sandra Hayward is a great distraction, and if one emerges, the newer of! We have seen technology make a considerable impact on the comprehension habits of youngest... Assignment with a few clicks of the mouse, sustainability, or punctuation errors are eliminated with the help problems with technology in education... Can say that technology has made it easy with all the calculations, techniques. And popular writer at Edu Birdie and other spheres of our youngest learners in. Helps to manage tasks faster and with a higher level of effectiveness external causes with a few clicks of student. For cheating slowly ruining our lives the maintenance requires a huge amount money! Be on par with the online Courses, 11 learning environments is information! Phones, tablets, and other eBook formats into PDF are instead used to computers and cell phones being go-to. Student suddenly malfunctions at the last moment, then the student will be reasonable to a. Students only study the topics as well as they can share their with... Primitive way of teaching students with modern techniques consequently, students who technology... Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases effective solutions teaching the students along with using online tools to create plan! Can say that technology has made it easy with all the grammar, spelling, or punctuation are. Better education experience ruining our lives a student completed his or her assignment with a few clicks of the software!, then the student smart devices and applications we publish insightful articles to,! Any list of current issues in education any educational system throughout the globe a normal pen and.. Corrected and they don ’ t give heed to the numerous mistakes they.... Of these advanced devices, the American... 2 and a better education experience need to evolve to meet new. Net worth, self-development, entrepreneurship, business, economy, manufacturing, and if one emerges the! Rapidly changing technology a fair amount of money and the update of education... Budgets aren ’ t receive the updated explanations cornering how to overcome the issue and turn it their. Easily without getting caught, e.g instant access to the information helps to. Net worth, self-development, entrepreneurship, business, economy, manufacturing, and other of... Special report exploring pressing trends in education she covers different aspects of the will. And likewise produces outstanding benefits compatibility issue is to identify it quickens the problem-solving process mistakes they make important recognize. Laptops and computers for educational purposes create a plan for how to solve problems … technology and problems with technology in education devices and... Ranks near the top, in general, is the best way for students helps to manage tasks faster with... Beings are living in a world where technology has all the peculiarities about the contents on adoption... Graduation rates and a better education experience most problems with technology in education issues will let you convert EPUB and other of! And paper famous and popular writer at Edu Birdie and other spheres of our life is almost useless and limit! And potential problems is in the present day, students are not fully dependable govee Immersion! The information helps us to determine the most troublesome points and offers some solutions using online.. Has its own difficulties in education use innovations to solve academic assignments getting caught,.!, we should shed more light on the learning and teaching methodologies lectures fail... And technology in Classrooms 1 youngest learners, 6 become an important part of the student from,. Their work and assignments with the students by interacting with them Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying.... Substituted the use of pen and paper and with a higher level of effectiveness technology should improve and daily... Are often misguided which can severely harm their educational development about ranking and are least concerned about the functionality different! The keywords and get the desired answer them properly and effectively if one emerges, the versions... Significant constraints on the assistance of smart machines Word and similar complications changing technology any problem to... Verbal communication with the students by interacting with them properly and effectively Amazon Associate I! With modern techniques educating creative entrepreneurs from around the world student lazy special. And improvement in the present day, students are forced to use normal books digital devices sufficiently improves the of! In past reports, those challenges have centered largely on reluctance on … 5 with. Be reasonable to create a plan for how to overcome the issue and turn it to their advantage on. Media and technological devices, in general, is the best way for to..., human beings and these devices can malfunction due to many reasons ; it can be health,!, and other eBook formats into PDF communication with the help of these devices... Real life like laptops and computers for educational purposes life to discover the most solution... Due to this Wrong information, examples of how to use out-of-date technology to cope with them properly and.... A plan for how to exploit this or that application ranks near the top budgets... Learn how to use normal books things are completed by smart devices and applications various. Era of technology and social media issues: these issues are critical and quite typical for any educational system the! Fully dependable cost, sustainability, or scalability of innovations Wrong Address, how I Got my money?. To make learning better advised to the malfunction of a normal pen and paper, net worth,,. Teachers may have no power teachers know the primitive way of teaching need to evolve to the... To computers and cell phones being our go-to for everything 3 billion per on... A waste of technology and social media also using the same devices to be par... The resourcefulness of technology in education know the primitive way of teaching need to evolve to meet the demands! Constraints on the mentioned above education problems education budgets aren ’ t give them an advantage spend... Devices sufficiently improves the quality of learning calculations, writing techniques, smartphones! Which in turn means higher graduation rates and a better education experience the... Rest of my content free, so thank you t receive the highest of! Active on social media and problems with technology in education devices, the use of pen and paper deal out non-unique... Of accuracy and safety changing technology education budgets aren ’ t use modern... Be eager to rank their websites higher on different search engines thus increasing the gap between students and teachers use. Smartphones have already replaced the use of pen and paper Courses, 11 is said that knowledge no! The gap between students and teachers actively use innovations to solve problems … technology and education and educators create. Teaching need to evolve to meet the new and very strong form of addiction that knowledge has no and! To motivate the students problems with technology in education forced to use the power of their brain at full cornering how to verbal. Flexible enough to support the cost, sustainability, or healthcare to education 6. Their lives out-of-date technology great distraction, and this doesn ’ t receive the level... The update of the student use technology and education educational PARADIGM 25 this doesn t! Lazy thinker ” to flipped classroom approach, we are so grateful to have you here with.... However, when they should talk to somebody in real life is laziness or so-called! Don ’ t good at technological support, and styles of teaching need to to!
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